Source: Tax & Super Australia
On Tuesday, 11 May 2021, Treasurer Josh Frydenberg handed down the 2021-22 Federal Budget, his 3rd Budget.
1. Tax-related measures announced:
- Personal tax rates - no changes were made to personal tax rates, the Government has already brought forward the Stage 2 tax rates to 1 July 2020. The Stage 3 personal income tax cuts remain unchanged and will commence in 2024-25 as already legislated.
- LMITO retained for 2021-22 - the Government will retain the low and middle-income tax offset for the 2021-22 income year. The LMITO provides a reduction in tax of up to $1,080.
- Temporary full expensing extended - the Government will extend the 2020-21 temporary full expensing measures for 12 months until 30 June 2023. This will allow eligible businesses with aggregated annual turnover or a total income of less than $5 billion to deduct the full cost of eligible depreciable assets of any value, acquired from 7:30 pm AEDT on 6 October 2020 and first used or installed ready for use by 30 June 2023.
- Loss carry-back extended - the loss years in respect of which an eligible company (aggregated annual turnover of up to $5 billion) can currently carry back a tax loss (2019-20, 2020-21 and 2021-22) will be extended to include the 2022-23 income year.
- Individual residency test reformed - the Government will replace the existing tests for the tax residency of individuals with a primary "bright line" test under which a person who is physically present in Australia for 183 days or more in any income year will be an Australian tax resident.
- Employee share schemes - the Government will remove the cessation of employment as a taxing point for the tax-deferred employee share schemes.
- ATO debt recovery - the AAT will be given the power to pause or modify ATO debt recovery action in relation to disputed debts of small businesses.
- Self-education expenses - $250 threshold to be removed.
2. Superannuation and related measures:
The key superannuation and related measures announced in the Budget include:
- Superannuation contributions work test - to be repealed from 1 July 2022 for voluntary non-concessional and salary sacrificed contributions for those under age 75. However, the work test will still apply for personal deductible contributions by those aged 67-74.
- SMSF residency rules - to be relaxed by extending the central management and control test safe harbour from 2 to 5 years, and removing the active member test for both SMSFs and small APRA funds.
- Conversions of legacy income streams - individuals will be permitted to exit certain legacy retirement income stream products (excluding flexi-pensions or lifetime products in APRA-funds or public sector schemes), together with any associated reserves, for a 2-year period. Any commuted reserves will not be counted towards an individual's concessional contribution cap. Instead, they will be taxed as an assessable contribution to the fund.
- Super Guarantee $450 per month threshold - to be removed from 1 July 2022.
- Downsizer contributions - eligibility age to be lowered from 65 to 60.
- First Home Super Scheme - to be extended for withdrawals up to $50,000, plus some technical changes for tax and administration errors in applications.
- Victims of domestic violence - the Government will not proceed with its previous proposal to extend the early release of super to victims of family and domestic violence.
- Pension Loans Scheme - will be expanded to allow access up to 2 lump sums in any 12-month period (up to a total of 50% of the maximum annual Age Pension); together with a Government guarantee that "No Negative Equity" will apply.
At the same time, the Budget did not contain any change to the legislated Super Guarantee rate increase from 9.5% to 10% for 2021-22.